Mehrangarh Fort is situated just 400 feet above the city of Jodhpur on a cliff that is perpendicular to the city. This cliff was once known as Bhaurcheeria, meaning the mountain of birds.This is “the work of the giants” because of its gigantic size.
The fort stands tall and strong built in red sand stone with a beauty that haunts the person who takes a look at the fort and at the same times leaves the person filled with awe because of its exquisite glory.
During the year 1459, foundation for Mehrangrah Fort was laid by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur and a Rathore ruler. He shifted his capital from Mandore. For building this fort, Rao Jodha had to vacate the only person who lived on the cliff, Cheeria Nathji. Upset at being forced to move, Cheeria Nathji cursed Rao that his citadel will suffer drought. To please him, Rao Jodha built a house as well as a temple for him but still today the place suffers from drought almost 3 to 4 years. To alter the curse, Rao Jodha buried Raja Ram Meghwal alive in the foundation and in return Raja Ram Meghwal was promised that his family would be taken care of by the Rathore kings. Till date his generations live in Raj Bagh, an estate given to them by Rao Jodha himself. But most parts of the fort that exists today were constructed during the period of Maharaja Jaswant Singh.
There are series of seven gates to gain entry to the fort. Jai Pol, Fateh Pol, Dedh Kamgra Pol and Loha Pol are the most famous gates.
Inside the fort, there are a number of palaces which are extremely picturesque. Moti Mahal, also known as the Pearl Palace, was erected by Raja Sur Singh. This palace consists of 5 alcoves which lead to balconies that are hidden. The Sheesha Mahal, also said to be the Hall of Mirrors, is made of elegant mirror work and houses religious idols of Gods and Goddesses. The Phool Mahal constructed by Abhaya Singh Maharaja is known as the Palace of Flowers. Finally, the Takhat Vilas, also known as the Maharaja’s Chamber was constructed by Maharaja Takhat Singh, who was the last ruler of Jodhpur to have lived in Mehrangarh Fort. The Takhat Villas is constructed using different styles which portray the emergence of the modern culture.
The most important tourist attraction is the museum in the fort. The popular galleries in the museums are Elephant’s howdahs, Palanquins, Daulat Khana, Armoury, The Turban Gallery, Marwar Paintings and the Folk Music Instrument’s Gallery. Mehrangarh Fort is also a National Geological Monument as per the Geological Survey of India. Chamunda Mataji Temple is a worth visit that as to be added in the tourist’s visits to the fort. Chamunda Mataji was said to be Rao Jodha’s favorite Goddess. The entire fort is decorated during the time of Dussehra festival.
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