This palace is also popularly known as the ‘Palace of Breeze’ and is very famous among the tourists who visit Jaipur for the first time. This gorgeous five-storied palace is located right in the heart of the city and was constructed by Maharaj Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799.
Lal Chand Ustad is the one who designed this red and pink sandstone monument which closely resembles to have the shape of Lord Krishna’s crown. It is an exquisite architectural landmark famous for its 953 windows or Jharokas and the pyramid shape of Hawal Mahal. This place has been a magnificent landmark for everyone visiting Jaipur with an aim to comprehend and experience the beauty of the landmark.
Sawai Pratap Singh, the Kachhwaha Rajput ruler and the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh the founder of the city of Jaipur, made this picturesque palace as a part of the Royal City Palace. Sawai Pratap Singh was an avid devotee of Lord Krishna which is very much visible in its construction pattern. All these years, many inexact reasons have been said stating the need of the construction but as per the history and legends, this palace was constructed for the convenience of the royal women and the Purdah system followed by the Rajput dynasty was one of the majorly cited reasons for its development. The royal women then did not have the rights of coming in public but they used to be very keen to know about the happenings in the town. That’s the reason; Hawa Mahal was constructed for the royal women to get a panoramic view of the city. All this helped get them a sense of freedom and joy without even getting in public.
Hawa Mahal is around 50 feet from its high base. Its architecture is a perfect fusion of Hindu Rajput architecture and Islamic Mughal architecture. It is made in the form of a beehive castle with endless number of windows. It stands on a thin podium base with less than a foot thick wall. The most beautiful thing about this red and pink sandstone fort is the 943 windows which lead to a good amount of circulation in the exotic palace. The massive courtyard room is surrounded from three sides by two-storied building. The bottom floor has courtyards while the above three floors are as thick has a single room. The interior of the Hawa Mahal is basic and plain with channel and pillars reaching to the top floor. Each floor is connected by slopes and has no stairs to climb to different floor. One can get a spellbinding view of the city from the Hawa Mahal. It is conserved by the Archaeological Department of the Government of Rajasthan.
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